Unit 3: Colonial America

There were many different reasons for the founding of the English colonies in America. Some settlers hoped to make a profit and others sought religious freedom. As colonies expanded, wars between settlers and Native Americans broke out in New England. After King Philip's War, Native American power in New England never recovered.

The Middle Colonies were settled by people from many different cultures and religions. Colonies in the South developed for a variety of reasons. Maryland was settled by Catholics and Protestants looking for religious freedom. In Carolina, many colonists started large farms called plantations. Georgia, another Southern Colony, was settled in part by debtors as its founder tried to prevent slavery in the colony.

Many people came to the colonies searching for better live, while others came against their will. Enslaved Africans were brought to America and forced to work. Slavery grew over time as the laws changed. It became more common on the plantations in the South. Despite hardships, enslaved Africans found ways to preserve traditions and resisted slavery.

As the colonies grew, each region developed an economy based on its own resources and geography. English political traditions influenced the development of colonial governments. Charters allowed the colonies to make their own laws and assemblies.