The Forum, or central area, of Ancient Rome was the busiest place in the city. Here, people shopped and banked. They also listened to public speakers and held festivals and religious ceremonies. Around the Forum were government buildings and monuments to gods and emperors. The Forum does not cover a large area and the structures still standing can be seen in one day.
This temple was built by Emperor Antoninus Pius to honor his wife. After his death, it was renamed to include his name as well.
This arch was erected in A. D. 203 in honor of the Roman emperor Septimius Severus, who was born in North Africa and died in Britain. The arch was created to celebrate his military victories.