Our neighbor to the south has many mountainous regions
as well as rainforests. Most Mexicans live in the Central
Plateau, where the capital city of Mexico City is located. The
Yucatan Peninsula is covered with rain forests, receiving rain
The first people to settle Mexico were from different Indian
groups, including the Maya and the Aztec. In the 1520s, Spain
had conquered all of Mexico, and Mexico became a Spanish
colony. During Spain's rule, the Indians and mestizos were not
treated well. In 1810, Miguel Hidalgo led the Indians and mestizos in a rebellion against the Spanish; the war lasted 11 years.
Mexico won its freedom from Spain in 1821. In the years ahead,
there were many revolutions and civil wars in Mexico, and it lost
half of its territories to the United States in the Mexican War.
Finally, in 1917 Mexico became a federal republic and had a
Mexico is made up of both native and Spanish cultures.
Spanish is the national language, but there are more than 15
Indian languages that are spoken. It exports most of its
manufactured goods and products to the United States. Its
ancient cities, beaches, and resorts make it a popular place for