|Antietam and the End of Slavery
One of the bloodiest battles was fought in Antietam,
Maryland. Shortly after the Union army narrowly won that battle, Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation in
1863, which ended slavery in the Confederacy but did not end
slavery in the slave states that were in the Union.
The Death Toll Rises
Many people from the North and the South lost their lives as
the war continued. The 54th Massachusetts Colored
Regiment, an African American troop that fought for the Union
Army, lost about 500 soldiers in a battle at Fort Wagner in
Charleston. Women both in the North and South supported
their troops by working in factories and hospitals. Clara
Barton aided Union soldiers, and after the war founded the
American Red Cross. In 1863, Ulysses S. Grant led Union
troops to victory in Vicksburg, Mississippi.
In Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, Union troops led by General
George Meade fought and won a major battle against the
Confederacy. Over 28,000 Confederate soldiers were killed or
wounded. The course of the war changed in favor of the North
and led to Lincoln's famous Gettysburg Address.